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Post-revolution urban landscape. Transformation of public spaces after 2011 revolutions. (2017)

ARTICLE: (Article)

Title: Post-revolutionary urban landscape. Transformation of public spaces after the revolutions of 2011.

  • Author(s): Ana Gabriela Medina Gavilanes.
  • Magazine (magazine): Athens Journal of Architecture.
  • Pages: 395-410.
  • ISSN: 2407-9472.
  • Roundup: New York – Zuccotti Park, Cairo – Tahrir Square, Istanbul – Gezi Park, London – St Paul’s Cathedral, Madrid – Puerta del Sol; these cities and places have taken on new meanings after 2011, a year in which revolutions represent the power that people and public spaces have in societies. Unlike previous revolutions, these germinate in the virtual space with such intensity that they simultaneously connect squares, squares and streets from all over the world. This impulse represents, in the contemporary sphere, one of the most important aspects of the dynamics of the future city, the transformation of the urban landscape. Immediately after the development of these revolutions, local governments realized the power these events symbolized, as they began to quickly enforce urban regulations that had been popular in New York, but until some hidden point in the public sphere, namely trade in people. Space for private investors. Planning departments became suspects and mediators, public assets were quickly privatized, and contemporary cities faced rampant land speculation. This legal figure for the public space transaction is called Public Spaces of Private Property – POPS. Property and control patterns based on privateproperty values have been inflexible, a state in which even public attention could do little to change it. In this urban situation, the sense of the public is elevated as a matter, which compromises public life as a whole: law, discourse, representation, politics, distribution and economics. These privately owned public spaces use design as a way to consider, represent and build relationships in people and space, in a sphere of general control and surveillance.
  • Abstract: New York – Zuccotti Park, Cairo – Tahrir Square, Istanbul – Gezi Park, London – St. Paul’ Cathedral, Madrid – Puerta del Sol; these cities and places have acquired new significances after 2011, a year in which revolutions represent the power that people and public spaces have in societies. Unlike previous revolutions, these are germinated in the virtual space with such intensity that they connect simultaneously plazas, squares and streets around the world. This momentum represents, in the contemporary scope, one of the most important aspects of the future city’s dynamics, the transformation of the urban landscape. Right after the development of these revolutions, local governments were aware of the power these events symbolized, for they started to apply quickly urban regulations that had been popular in New York, but to some extent hidden from the public sphere, namely the trading of public space to private investors. Planning departments became suspects and mediators, public assets were rapidly privatized and contemporary cities faced rampant land speculation. This legal figure for public space transaction is called Privately Owned Public Spaces – POPS. Patterns of ownership and control based on values of private property have been inflexible, a state in which even the public attention could do little to shift it. In this urban situation, the sense of public rises as a matter, which engages as a whole the public life – law, speech, representation, policy, distribution, and economics. These Privately Owned Public Spaces use design as a way of considering, representing, and constructing relationships between people and space, in a sphere of general control and surveillance.
  • Link: https://www.athensjournals.gr/architecture/2017-3-4-4-Gavilanes.pdf

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