Title: The construction of the interior in the orientalist refuges of Pierre Loti, Sir Frederic Leighton and Claude Monet. (2014)
- Author(s): Mauricio Baros Townsend.
- Director(s): Francisco Javier Seguí de la Riva and Javier Francisco Raposo Grau.
- Summary: The purpose of this thesis was to analyze the architectural consequences of the Orientalist obsession in three authors of the late nineteenth century, trying to raise with it the foundations of what we call orientalist "imaginary". The authors studied are, a writer, Pierre Loti, and two painters, Sir Frederic Leighton and Claude Monet, exponents each of a particular approach to Orientalism. The three cases studied include the houses where they lived now transformed into museums open to anyone's curiosity. The study of these cases led us to undertake a series of themes that are outlined in the course of writing as the most important thing of the work. These themes are: the construction of interiority, the role of emptiness as a material and physical entity in these architectures, the order of the objects and their prominence in those interiors, the ontological categories of living in those houses. These themes were somehow focused and realized by "orientalism" as devices that powerfully intervene in the imaginaries related to the East… ramifications in the political, social and cultural problems that the "cult European subject" was experiencing at the advent of modernity.
- Abstract: The purpose of this thesis in the first instance was to analyze three expressions of Orientalism from the field of architecture , trying to prove through them as these examples constituted a closure of Orientalist discourse , while they complete the Orientalist imagine that starts its construction through literature and painting finishing in architecture. Because of this, the case studies comprise a writer, Pierre Loti, and two painters, Sir Frederic Leighton and Claude Monet, each one as an exponent of a different facet of Orientalism. In each case the legacy of these artists has included his house , which now transformed into a museum , it is possible to visit and study despite the time of its construction. The study of these cases allowed on a second instance, to present a number of issues that in the end were the most important thing in this work, these issues deal with problems such as the construction of interiority in the late nineteenth century , the role which the vacuum play as a mental and physical entity in this architecture , the order of the objects and their role in the interiors of the time, the political and social control and discipline of housing space , the ontological categories of dwelling , etc. . All these issues somehow were enhanced by Orientalism , which with their devices intervened powerfully in building an imaginary not only related to East, but also with the political, social and cultural issues , that Europeans were living in the transit to the advent of modernity, and that will put under a critical view all these issues.
- Link: http://oa.upm.es/30452/