Hypermedia, taller de configuración y comunicación del proyecto arquitectónico, es un grupo de investigación interdepartamental de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, con sede en la ETSAM.

The other showers. Hygiene control since the nineteenth century through the shower and bathroom-shower. (2016)

ARTICLE: (Article)

Title: Of Other Showers. The control of hygiene since the 19th century through the shower and the bath-shower.

  • Author(s): Jordi Hernández de Gispert.
  • Magazine (magazine): REIA
  • Pages: 200.
  • ISSN: 2340–9851.
  • Summary: The shower is an instrument that is currently part of our daily personal hygiene. The use of the shower extends throughout Europe in the mid-19th century, as a result of a number of social circumstances that can be seen through different hygienist and architectural treatises. Observing the vicissitudes that have been shaping the spaces and actions that define it, leads to a strangeness that is the object of our study. To do this, we will take Foucault's comments on both "other spaces" and the "control society" to define the other showers. On the other hand, we will note that, at first, the use of showers was not part of daily life, but quite the contrary, it was instilled by medical control and discipline in schools, hospitals, houses and prisons. The reflection developed through the cases of the study of the shower and the bath-shower, will allow to question what control systems can follow latent in our customs, precisely through the patterns that make up the ordinary.
  • Abstract: The shower is an instrument that, nowadays, takes part of our daily personal hygiene. The use of the shower is extended in Europe in the mid-19th century, as the effect of a series of social circumstances that may be noted by different hygiene and architecture treatises. Observing the vicissitudes that have been shaping the spaces and actions that define it, takes us to the strangeness that is object of our study. To do so we will take, from one side, the comments of Foucault about "the other spaces" and about the "society of control", to define the other showers. On the other side we will observe that, in the beginning, the use of showers did not take part of everyday life, but on the contrary, it was inculcated through medical control and discipline in schools, hospitals, barracks and prisons. This reflection, developed in the two case studies of the shower and the bath-shower, will let us wonder what systems of control may still be latent in our customs, precisely through the patterns that make up the ordinary.

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